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Online Newsletter Vol.01. No. 5 - 08 Muharram1434/ 22 November 2012

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Darul Uloom Zakariyya
P O Box 10786, Lenasia 1820, Gauteng, South Africa
Tel: 011 859 1912 / 1081 | Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it | www.duzak.org

NEWSLETTER VOL.01.NO.5
08 Muharram 1434/22 November 2012

Inspirations from the Hijrah

During the Khilafat of Sayyidina Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ ), Islam had spread far and wide and there was a need to have some kind of date for the correspondence that was being sent out. Hazrat Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ َ) thus consulted with the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam ( رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََمََ َ) as to when the calendar should begin. Different views were presented before Hazrat Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ) َ wisely declared that the calendar begin with the Hijrah.

Many lessons are taken from this decision :

In this month of Muharram we are reminded of the great sacrifices made for the Deen of Islam. Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and his companions had to leave their beloved Makkah Mukarramah, their homes, and even their families and that too after a long and trying period of immense persecution, torture and trials.

The month of Muharram delivers us to the days of Rasulullah (S.A.W) and we see the many trials and difficulties that the Beloved of Allah Ta’ala (S.A.W.) underwent. As we turn the pages of history, we see the three solid years of ostracism which were so patiently endured, despite the extreme and severe conditions, where food and drink and other necessities of life were cut off from the Muslims.

We take a glimpse at the grief and sorrow that burdened the heart of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) when his beloved wife, Hazrat Khadija ( رَضَىَََ َالله عَنَهَاَ ) َpassed away; his support and his companion through those trying times. Then followed the loss of his uncle, Abu Talib, who had also been a means of support and protection. The year was thus called ‘The year of grief’.

We turn another page and we behold the cruel experiences which Nabi (S.A.W.) endured in Taif : The rejection, the scorn, the mockery and the stoning. …Of whom? The greatest after Allah Ta’ala.

And as we turn more pages of history, we read of the culmination of all the evil plans and plots, with the decision to assassinate Rasulullah (S.A.W.). This was the setting which opened the door to the Hijrah. Family, property, land… everything was sacrificed on the instruction of Allah Ta’ala to migrate from Makkah Mukarramah to Madina Munawwarah.

Life was a constant struggle: Overcoming one obstacle meant being confronted by another and yet another – but there was no losing hope, no despondency. Just absolute trust and unwavering faith in Allah Ta’ala.

On every occasion there was the assurance that Allah Ta’ala was with. …How beautiful and comforting the words of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) to Hazrat Abu Bakr 
(رَضَىَ اَللهَ ََََعَنَهََ) during their perilous stay in the cave of Thaur… “Don’t be sad. Verily Allah is with us.”

So these incidents – which run into thousands – are lessons for mankind till the Day of Qiyaamah, more especially, we who are Muslims. Reflecting over that period of struggle and we learn that if we say that we believe and that we have submitted, then we too will face different challenges, tests and trials, toil and struggle, and sacrifices will have to be rendered for this Imaan and for this beautiful Deen of Islam.

At the same time, each incident offers consolation to us all : If Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and his faithful companions could have undergone such severe trials, then what are our trials in comparison?

Life in this world will never be smooth sailing. There will always be some tests and some kind of sacrifices. For many of us, it is the small test of getting up for Fajr or giving up sins. What great sacrifice is there in this? Compare it to the sacrifices of the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam.

In today’s time, a little difficulty comes the person’s way and the person gives up his Deen; a little test and the person accepts another religion.

Our lives will offer us a share of struggle : The tests we face are sometimes in our home life, sometimes with family or neighbours, sometimes in business, sometimes at the schools, colleges, and universities … but we should keep before us these exceptional incidents from the life of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and the lives of his noble companions, of sacrifice and endurance against all odds.

The Hijrah of the Sahabah-e-Kiraam was such an amazing and remarkable expression of sincere love, with most of them leaving behind and sacrificing everything for Allah Ta’ala and His Rasul (S.A.W.) to establish this Deen of Islam.

As for us : Our Hijrah is to give up sins. Sins which should not even be in our lives! Rasulullah (S.A.W.) said: “And a (true) emigrant is he who abandons all wrongs and sins.”

The true Muhajir is that person who gives up that which Allah Ta’ala has prohibited. His hijrah is from that which has been declared Haraam – whether adultery and fornication, drugs and other intoxicants, interest taking and giving, music and dance or any other Haraam.

My Shaykh, Hazrat Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (DB) says in poetry:“It is incumbent to abandon sins also;The true hijrat is not just giving up one’s town.”

This is the demand of faith, of love, and of loyalty. Let us prove our faith and love to Allah Ta’ala.....

Let us make this month of Muharram the stepping stone to obedience to Allah Ta’ala and Rasulullah (S.A.W.). Where there is a will, there’s a way. Where there is a sincere effort in the right direction, we will find the assistance of Allah Ta’ala.

Allah Ta’ala grant us correct understanding of Deen and the taufeeq to practise on our knowledge.

Lessons from Muharram and Aashura by Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel Sahib (R.A.)

Fast of Aashura

It is reported from Abu Qataadah (radiyallahu anhu) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “On account of observing the fast of Aashura, I have hope that Allah Ta’ala will expiate the sins of the past year.” (Ibnu Maajah, Saheeh Muslim)

Hadhrat Ibnu Abbaas (radiyallahu anhuma) reports: “I did not see Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) anxiously await the fast of any virtuous day more than the day of Aashura.” (Saheeh Bukhari)

Ibnu Abbaas (radiyallahu anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Observe the fast of Aashura and oppose the Jews by fasting a day before it or after it (as well) i.e. the ninth and tenth or tenth and eleventh of Muharram.” (As-Sunan Al-Kubra Baihaqi / Talkheesul Habeer)

Note: Yawmul Aashura falls on Saturday 24 November 2012

Q & A from DARUL IFTAA

Q. What is the Shari' ruling regarding the following?


1. Exchanging of gifts on the day of Aashura; this has become a common practice in some areas?
2. Family gatherings on this day?
3. To congratulate each other on this day out of happiness, nowadays it has become common to send text messages (SMS etc.)?

A. The Shari' view regarding the above is as follows:

Firstly it should be understood that those actions that are not considered to be masnoon nor mustahab by people, it would be acceptable to practice those actions on the basis of it being proven from any general text (i.e. Mutlaq Thuboot) of Shariah or it should not contradict any principle of shariah. It is not necessary to have a specific text for its permissibility. There are numerous such examples in Shariah, e.g. using amulets or blowing on someone after reading.

I. Therefore the gifts of Aashura can be given as a token of happiness or love on condition that it's not considered to be necessary. However, nowadays some people consider it to be necessary, and they look down upon those who don't exchange gifts, in such cases it's recommended to abstain from it.

One should remember that giving gifts in itself is encouraged in various Ahaadith:

1) Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg 349, 350, 352, 354.
2) Al Mu'jam ul Awsat Vol.7 Pg. 190
3) As Sunanul Kubra Vol. 6 Pg. 169

2. Generally families get together and have meals on the day of Aashura. To spend generously on ones family on this day is proven from books of Ahaadith and Fiqh, hence for families to gather out of happiness will be permissible on condition that no activities take place which are against Shariah.
However, now and then these types of gatherings should be left out because being generous on ones family can be practised without having family gatherings.

3. Congratulating each other is proven from the Shariah at times of happiness and Eid etc.. So if a person congratulates another without considering it to be necessary, it will be permissible.

Bukhari Vol.2 Pg 636
Al Mu'jam ul Kabeer Vol.15 Pg.430 Kashful Khafa Vol. I Pg 320

Since unnecessary customs have become common in the lives of Muslims, the custom of giving gifts and congratulating, even though one does not consider it to be part of deen, should be left out.

Approved by:

Hadhrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib (Damat Barakatuhu)
Head of the Iftaa Dept. - Darul Uloom Zakariyya
10 Muharram 1429 / 19th January 2008

Gems

Sheikhul Hadith Hazrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib and Sheikhul Hadith Hazrat Moulana Fazlur Rahman Sahib Damat Barakatuhum will Insha Allah be delivering a talk to the Ulama tonight at Masjid ut Taqwa, Homestead Park, Johannesburg after the Maghrib Salaah. Program will continue after Esha. Supper will be served. For further info please contact Ml Ravat on 0826719956

To read the biography of Hazrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib, please click here

DUZ Bookshop
Inline image 3

طلب العلم فريضة على كل مسلم
It is incumbent upon every Muslim to seek Knowledge

Feedback: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Darul Uloom Zakariyya
P O Box 10786, Lenasia 1820, Gauteng, South Africa
Tel: 011 859 1912 / 1081 | Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it | www.duzak.org

NEWSLETTER VOL.01.NO.5
08 Muharram 1434/22 November 2012

Inspirations from the Hijrah

During the Khilafat of Sayyidina Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ ), Islam had spread far and wide and there was a need to have some kind of date for the correspondence that was being sent out. Hazrat Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ َ) thus consulted with the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam ( رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََمََ َ) as to when the calendar should begin. Different views were presented before Hazrat Umar (رَضَىَ اَلله عَنَهَََ) َ wisely declared that the calendar begin with the Hijrah.

Many lessons are taken from this decision :

In this month of Muharram we are reminded of the great sacrifices made for the Deen of Islam. Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and his companions had to leave their beloved Makkah Mukarramah, their homes, and even their families and that too after a long and trying period of immense persecution, torture and trials.

The month of Muharram delivers us to the days of Rasulullah (S.A.W) and we see the many trials and difficulties that the Beloved of Allah Ta’ala (S.A.W.) underwent. As we turn the pages of history, we see the three solid years of ostracism which were so patiently endured, despite the extreme and severe conditions, where food and drink and other necessities of life were cut off from the Muslims.

We take a glimpse at the grief and sorrow that burdened the heart of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) when his beloved wife, Hazrat Khadija ( رَضَىَََ َالله عَنَهَاَ ) َpassed away; his support and his companion through those trying times. Then followed the loss of his uncle, Abu Talib, who had also been a means of support and protection. The year was thus called ‘The year of grief’.

We turn another page and we behold the cruel experiences which Nabi (S.A.W.) endured in Taif : The rejection, the scorn, the mockery and the stoning. …Of whom? The greatest after Allah Ta’ala.

And as we turn more pages of history, we read of the culmination of all the evil plans and plots, with the decision to assassinate Rasulullah (S.A.W.). This was the setting which opened the door to the Hijrah. Family, property, land… everything was sacrificed on the instruction of Allah Ta’ala to migrate from Makkah Mukarramah to Madina Munawwarah.

Life was a constant struggle: Overcoming one obstacle meant being confronted by another and yet another – but there was no losing hope, no despondency. Just absolute trust and unwavering faith in Allah Ta’ala.

On every occasion there was the assurance that Allah Ta’ala was with. …How beautiful and comforting the words of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) to Hazrat Abu Bakr 
(رَضَىَ اَللهَ ََََعَنَهََ) during their perilous stay in the cave of Thaur… “Don’t be sad. Verily Allah is with us.”

So these incidents – which run into thousands – are lessons for mankind till the Day of Qiyaamah, more especially, we who are Muslims. Reflecting over that period of struggle and we learn that if we say that we believe and that we have submitted, then we too will face different challenges, tests and trials, toil and struggle, and sacrifices will have to be rendered for this Imaan and for this beautiful Deen of Islam.

At the same time, each incident offers consolation to us all : If Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and his faithful companions could have undergone such severe trials, then what are our trials in comparison?

Life in this world will never be smooth sailing. There will always be some tests and some kind of sacrifices. For many of us, it is the small test of getting up for Fajr or giving up sins. What great sacrifice is there in this? Compare it to the sacrifices of the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam.

In today’s time, a little difficulty comes the person’s way and the person gives up his Deen; a little test and the person accepts another religion.

Our lives will offer us a share of struggle : The tests we face are sometimes in our home life, sometimes with family or neighbours, sometimes in business, sometimes at the schools, colleges, and universities … but we should keep before us these exceptional incidents from the life of Rasulullah (S.A.W.) and the lives of his noble companions, of sacrifice and endurance against all odds.

The Hijrah of the Sahabah-e-Kiraam was such an amazing and remarkable expression of sincere love, with most of them leaving behind and sacrificing everything for Allah Ta’ala and His Rasul (S.A.W.) to establish this Deen of Islam.

As for us : Our Hijrah is to give up sins. Sins which should not even be in our lives! Rasulullah (S.A.W.) said: “And a (true) emigrant is he who abandons all wrongs and sins.”

The true Muhajir is that person who gives up that which Allah Ta’ala has prohibited. His hijrah is from that which has been declared Haraam – whether adultery and fornication, drugs and other intoxicants, interest taking and giving, music and dance or any other Haraam.

My Shaykh, Hazrat Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (DB) says in poetry:“It is incumbent to abandon sins also;The true hijrat is not just giving up one’s town.”

This is the demand of faith, of love, and of loyalty. Let us prove our faith and love to Allah Ta’ala.....

Let us make this month of Muharram the stepping stone to obedience to Allah Ta’ala and Rasulullah (S.A.W.). Where there is a will, there’s a way. Where there is a sincere effort in the right direction, we will find the assistance of Allah Ta’ala.

Allah Ta’ala grant us correct understanding of Deen and the taufeeq to practise on our knowledge.

Lessons from Muharram and Aashura by Hazrat Moulana Yunus Patel Sahib (R.A.)

Fast of Aashura

It is reported from Abu Qataadah (radiyallahu anhu) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “On account of observing the fast of Aashura, I have hope that Allah Ta’ala will expiate the sins of the past year.” (Ibnu Maajah, Saheeh Muslim)

Hadhrat Ibnu Abbaas (radiyallahu anhuma) reports: “I did not see Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) anxiously await the fast of any virtuous day more than the day of Aashura.” (Saheeh Bukhari)

Ibnu Abbaas (radiyallahu anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Observe the fast of Aashura and oppose the Jews by fasting a day before it or after it (as well) i.e. the ninth and tenth or tenth and eleventh of Muharram.” (As-Sunan Al-Kubra Baihaqi / Talkheesul Habeer)

Note: Yawmul Aashura falls on Saturday 24 November 2012

Q & A from DARUL IFTAA

Q. What is the Shari' ruling regarding the following?


1. Exchanging of gifts on the day of Aashura; this has become a common practice in some areas?
2. Family gatherings on this day?
3. To congratulate each other on this day out of happiness, nowadays it has become common to send text messages (SMS etc.)?

A. The Shari' view regarding the above is as follows:

Firstly it should be understood that those actions that are not considered to be masnoon nor mustahab by people, it would be acceptable to practice those actions on the basis of it being proven from any general text (i.e. Mutlaq Thuboot) of Shariah or it should not contradict any principle of shariah. It is not necessary to have a specific text for its permissibility. There are numerous such examples in Shariah, e.g. using amulets or blowing on someone after reading.

I. Therefore the gifts of Aashura can be given as a token of happiness or love on condition that it's not considered to be necessary. However, nowadays some people consider it to be necessary, and they look down upon those who don't exchange gifts, in such cases it's recommended to abstain from it.

One should remember that giving gifts in itself is encouraged in various Ahaadith:

1) Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg 349, 350, 352, 354.
2) Al Mu'jam ul Awsat Vol.7 Pg. 190
3) As Sunanul Kubra Vol. 6 Pg. 169

2. Generally families get together and have meals on the day of Aashura. To spend generously on ones family on this day is proven from books of Ahaadith and Fiqh, hence for families to gather out of happiness will be permissible on condition that no activities take place which are against Shariah.
However, now and then these types of gatherings should be left out because being generous on ones family can be practised without having family gatherings.

3. Congratulating each other is proven from the Shariah at times of happiness and Eid etc.. So if a person congratulates another without considering it to be necessary, it will be permissible.

Bukhari Vol.2 Pg 636
Al Mu'jam ul Kabeer Vol.15 Pg.430 Kashful Khafa Vol. I Pg 320

Since unnecessary customs have become common in the lives of Muslims, the custom of giving gifts and congratulating, even though one does not consider it to be part of deen, should be left out.

Approved by:

Hadhrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib (Damat Barakatuhu)
Head of the Iftaa Dept. - Darul Uloom Zakariyya
10 Muharram 1429 / 19th January 2008

Gems

Sheikhul Hadith Hazrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib and Sheikhul Hadith Hazrat Moulana Fazlur Rahman Sahib Damat Barakatuhum will Insha Allah be delivering a talk to the Ulama tonight at Masjid ut Taqwa, Homestead Park, Johannesburg after the Maghrib Salaah. Program will continue after Esha. Supper will be served. For further info please contact Ml Ravat on 0826719956

To read the biography of Hazrat Mufti Radhaul Haq Sahib, please click here

DUZ Bookshop
Inline image 3

طلب العلم فريضة على كل مسلم
It is incumbent upon every Muslim to seek Knowledge
Feedback: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 


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